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As the nation struggles to repair, maintain, and expand its water infrastructure, public-private partnerships are gaining traction as a strategy for filling the gaps. Public-private partnerships (or P3s) are touted on the idea that public projects can benefit from the private sector’s efficiency and innovation arising from increased competition, expanded financing options, ability to understand and absorb risk, and more flexible personnel and procurement processes. In return, the private sector is given the opportunity to access a market otherwise served by the public. It can be a mutually beneficial relationship.

With support from EPA’s new Water Infrastructure and Resiliency Finance Center, and in partnership with the West Coast Water Infrastructure Exchange, the EFC examined the potential benefits of alternative water project and service delivery partnerships and mechanisms. This objective assessment provides analysis to assist decision makers in understanding the potential financial impacts (both positive and negative) of alternative approaches and make informed decisions about the most effective approach to financing and managing their water services.

Research Summary

The Financial Impacts of Alternative Water Project Delivery Models: A Closer Look at Nine Communities

Companion Perspective Document (Developed by the Water Finance Center)

Project Delivery Profiles


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